A proposal to assess the effects of solar radiation management on future Caribbean climate

Project summary

Small island developing states (SIDS) have been advocating for global mean temperatures to be held to a maximum of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels because it is seen as a threshold which adaptation capabilities and capacities will be exceeded. Geoengineering, specifically SRM, is one of the proposed approaches to reduce and/or drastically slow the increase of temperatures. To date, there has been little to no analysis of the potential effects on regions, such as the Caribbean, where the quality of life is strongly linked to climate conditions. This research, conducted by Dr Leonardo Clarke and team, aims to assist the Caribbean SIDS region in formulating its stance on the use of geoengineering as a means to minimize the impacts of climate change. The project is hosted at the University of the West Indies, Mona.

Jamaica seen from the ISS. Photo credit: Earth Science and Remote Sensing Unit, NASA Johnson Space Center (https://eol.jsc.nasa.gov).

The team

Dr Leonardo ClarkeDr Leonardo Clarke (Jamaican) – Principal Investigator
University of the West Indies

Dr Leonardo A. Clarke is a Lecturer in the Department of Physics at the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus in Kingston, Jamaica. He is also a Researcher with the Climate Studies Group, Mona (CSGM). His interest is in the mechanisms that drive present and future climate variability in the Caribbean, in particular the relationship between Caribbean precipitation and sea surface temperatures in the tropical North Atlantic and the equatorial Pacific. He will lead a Caribbean research team for the SRMGI-TWAS DECIMALS project.
Jayaka CampbellJayaka Campbell (Jamaican)
University of the West Indies

JD Campbell is an Assistant Lecturer in the Department of Physics at the University of the West Indies, Mona Campus. He is a computational physicist with a focus on atmospheric sciences, more specifically, the generation of regional climate modelling scenarios at scales relevant to the small size and complex terrain of the nations of the Caribbean and its neighbours. His research includes examining the impact of climate, climate change and climate variability on the key economic drivers and social sectors (agriculture, water, health, etc.) of the Caribbean. Like so many before him, JD Campbell credits his success to the support of his family, friends and the seemingly never-ending guidance of his mentors.
Abel CentellaAbel Centella (Cuban)
Institute of Meteorology, Cuba

Abel Centella is the current Director of the Basic Systems of the Institute of Meteorology in Cuba (INSMET) since 2017. INSMET provides meteorological services, training and research on weather and in climate fields. It is a pioneering institution which has been responsible for the investigation of climate impacts in Cuba and conducts adaptation assessments at the national level. Today, Mr Centella’s responsibilities include coordinating the operational processes of the observations, telecommunications and forecast systems of the Met Service in Cuba. He has held other positions at INSMET which include being the Science Director from 2002 to 2016, Head of the Climate Center from 1999 to 2001, and a Research Scientist from 1986 to 1999. Mr Centella’s experiences include being the Coordinator of the First National Communication of Cuba as well as the Coordinator of the National Climate Change Group in Cuba, being lead author of the ‘Variations and Changes of the Climate in Cuba’ National Report, authoring several publications related with climate change and variability and receiving the National Academic of Science of Cuba award for research on Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation in Cuba, being a member of the Caribbean Climate Change Modelling Group, and leading several research initiatives on regional climate modelling as well as regional projections including 1.5 warming.
Dale RankinDale Rankin (Jamaican)
University of the West Indies

Dale Rankine is an applied climate scientist who holds a PhD (with high commendation) from the University of the West Indies, Mona. His research interests focus on climate and crop simulation modelling, seeking to understand how climate change will affect different socioeconomic sectors. In his recent works on agriculture he has parameterised the FAO AquaCrop Model and explored drought stress impacts on sweet potato and irrigation effects on Cassava.
Dr Roxann Stennett-BrownDr Roxann Stennett-Brown (Jamaican)
University of the West Indies

Roxann Stennett-Brown is currently the Deputy Dean of Undergraduate Matters and a lecturer in the Faculty of Engineering at the University of the West Indies Mona Campus (UWI). She is also a member of the Climate Studies Group (CSG) at (UWI). Roxann is a recent graduate of UWI and her research interests as a graduate student were in statistical downscaling of climate and climate extremes. Some published work during her graduate years included “Future Caribbean Temperature and Rainfall Extremes from Statistical Downscaling” and “Caribbean Climate Change Vulnerability: Lessons from an Aggregate Index Approach”. Her current research interest includes heatwave analysis and solar radiation management for the Caribbean.
Dr Tannecia StephensonDr Tannecia Stephenson (Jamaican)
University of the West Indies

Dr Tannecia Stephenson is co-Director of the Climate Studies Group, Mona, and Senior Lecturer and Head of the Department of Physics at The University of the West Indies, Mona Campus in Jamaica. Her research interests are Caribbean climate variability, climate extremes, seasonal predictions using statistical models, statistical downscaling and assessing comparative vulnerability using aggregate indices. She has been affiliated with a number of climate variability and change projects and has published a number of journal articles, technical reports and short monographs with collaborators. Her work experience includes conducting research as a visiting fellow at the Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia in the United Kingdom. Dr Stephenson has served on a number of international committees and teams, including the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) Science Advisory Team (CORDEX-SAT) and the Task Team on Guide to Climatological Practices (TT-GCP) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Fifth Open Panel of the Commission for Climatology (CCl) Experts (OPACE 5). She is also a lead author on Chapter 10 “Linking global to regional climate change” for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Sixth Assessment Report.
Prof. Michael TaylorProf. Michael Taylor (Jamaican)
University of the West Indies

Michael Taylor is the Dean of the Faculty of Science and Technology and a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Physics at the University of the West Indies, Mona. He also co-directs the Climate Studies Group, Mona (CSGM). His research focuses on determining the scientific imprint of climate change in and at the scale of the Caribbean islands. He was a coordinating lead author for chapter 3 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on 1.5 degrees.